Amb. Samuel AYANKOSO
” Equilibrium is the profoundest tendency of all human activity” ~ Jean Piaget
According to the late Prof. Rummel of the Department of Political Science, Hawaii University, peace can be defined based on cognitive knowledge and framework – which he termed as perspectives. So, in his ‘Just Peace Publication’, he highlighted the most common perspectives. They are the following: (1) Peace is absence of dissension, violence or war, (2) Peace is also seen as concord, harmony and tranquillity – that is, the peace of mind or serenity, and lastly (3) Peace can be expressed as a state of law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness, a balance or equilibrium of powers.
Of course, peace remains a mere abstraction without having the definitions above as significant parts. Yes, I mean these three definitions are so primary to the matter of peace! And in this article, I will address how, in particular, the definition that posits peace as the balance of power to a large degree affects the other two in our contemporary time.
By the way, a friend, sometime ago, shared with me the political spectrums (ideologies) that have evolved from diverse societies and beliefs: in the left are the socialists, democrats and in the extreme left is total government rule (fascism and communism); additionally, there are the conservatives, libertarians and republicans on the right side, while in the extreme right, there is total freedom (mob rule/ anarchy). By way of analyzing this spectrum, I think our societies and nations are yet to position themselves at the center of this spectrum. The center to me is the point of stability, balance and harmony.
Think of this: can we actually have a state of equilibrium? Is it just a wish or what we can achieve? I am not a historian but I love to explore history. History, however, won’t be appropriate when the present realities are sufficient to make a convincing deduction. Hence, I will be explaining the practicality of the unending desire for equilibrium by the present happenings, both in our continent and beyond. This I intend to pursue in order to answer the questions posed above. Again, is a state of equilibrium possible, feasible and achievable?
Apparently, from the ongoing aspirations of the Sudanese to have a successful revolution to the unrest in Venezuela in order to have a new government amidst an economic melt down, I believe there is a burning desire for equilibrium in these countries. This desire is natural and can be seen everywhere. From the Gulf to the Sahara and from the Island to the mainland, people are eager to feel the breeze of equilibrium. Yes, every rational mind desires a stable nation, a stable community and a stable system.
Furthermore, governments are also not left out in this struggle. The ideal goal of every government is to make laws that will regulate, monitor and control the actions of citizens. Right laws and justice can create equilibrium and result in the prosperity and peace of citizens. In a way to meet this obligation in a highly connected world (by forces of trade and globalization), we can see the ongoing trade wars between the world’s largest economies- the big players. Similarly, you can also narrow the desire for equilibrium down to the issue of Brexit. In this era of globalization and democratization, countries are on a diplomatic mission to win. Such moves are all desires to balance powers; thus, creating equilibrium.
In conclusion, equilibrium is a goal to be targeted. This goal is seemingly impossible to meet due to the interplay of several opposing forces but I hope the dampers ( the UN, EU, AU etc.) will remain strong in making policies and actions that will regulate the pulling forces against equilibrium across nations. I also hope that we (as citizens) will be sensitive to the support our nation necessarily needs to enjoy the resultant effect of equilibrium. In its totality, the pursuit of equilibrium is a drive towards peace. There is enough chaos in our world. It’s time to try favorable equilibrium actions.
For Peacepace Initiative… towards peace.